A Basic Guide to Reading CBD Lab Reports

Reading lab reports is an important step in the CBD purchasing process. Similar to reading the nutrition facts and ingredients at the grocery store, CBD lab reports, also referred to as certificates of analysis (COA), can tell you what exactly is contained in that specific product. Below are some very basic guides as to how to read different profiles on lab reports. 


Cannabinoid Profile

The cannabinoid profile is the most commonly offered screening, and it displays the cannabinoid content levels for that product. Cannabinoids are the cannabis-derived compounds that can provide various therapeutic properties. Cannabinoids include the well-known CBD and THC, as well as lesser-known molecules like CBG and CBC. 

A full spectrum product will contain a wide range of cannabinoids including THC:

Savage 500mg Full Spectrum CBD Prefilled Cartridge


A broad-spectrum product will contain a wide range of cannabinoids present, without Delta-9 THC, which would be marked as “ND” meaning “none detected”:

Green Roads Pineapple Express 100mg CBD Terpenes Oil


An isolate-based product contains only CBD:

JustCBD 1000mg Hemp Seed Oil Tincture


Terpene Profile

Terpenes are the aromatic oils found in cannabis, and they can each provide health benefits. The terpene profile will say which terpene and how much of it is present in the given product.

HUGS 300mg Broad Spectrum CBD Gummies


Heavy Metals Profile

Hemp plants are hearty and can soak up a lot from the soil that they are in. The heavy metals profile shows you which metals were tested for and how much of it is present in the product. As long as the lab results read “PASS” or “ND”, the levels are in a range that is safe.

Medterra CBD


Other profiles include testing for microbiology, mycotoxins, and pesticides. These are fairly straightforward in confirming the product is free from them, but if you are interested in learning more, check out the following links: 

"CBD Lab Reports: Why They Are Important & How to Read Them"

"How to Read CBD Lab Tests"


We do our best to make sure all of our products include updated lab results to help with your purchasing decisions.